Throughout pharaonic history, hair extensions have been used. Some made of human hair, but also goat hair and other animal hair has been found by archaeologists.
In the images on this page you can see how these extensions were made and attached. In order to make one, a lock of hair twice the length of the wanted extension was needed. The lock of hair was then folded in half and at the fold, the hair was wrapped together using other hairs for a wrap. Then, the wrap was then fixed with fats or wax. In the image at the bottom the making of a hairpiece or extension is depicted in an ancient Egyptian relief from the tomb of Neferu.
The extensions may then be added to the original hair of the wearer by for instance braiding the extension into the braid of the hairstyle. This can be seen in the images on the top left. Also the extension may have been tied into the hair with an extra little strand left unwrapped as the extension was produced (see the image bottom left). This may then have been knotted into the wearer's hair, braided into the hair with a small braid or both.
Extensions of the same color as the wearer may be used in a hairstyle, but also extensions were found, where the person wearing the extensions showed a different hair color of her own. This is also the case on the middle image on the left. Possibly, into grey hair dyed with henna, dark brown extensions were set.
The sizes of the ancient extensions vary considerably as well. In Amarna extensions were found of 1 cm or more in diameter. But also extensions of 2 or 3 mm were found tied into the hair. In ancient times it appears that the extensions may have been seen by others: the ties, wraps and color of the extensions are not hidden in the hairstyles.