In pharaonic Egypt wigs were part of the dress code of the elite. These luxury items were worn regularly on special occasions. Often they are made of human hair, as the one from the British museum seen on the left of this page. This wig is built in two layers, curly light hair at the top and hundreds of darker braids at the bottom of the wig. The braids are attached to a textile bottom with beeswax and resin by looping the braids into the textile and then pressing it into the wax mixture. These duplex wigs became popular in the ancient Egyptian New Kingdom. Often a net base was used for the fastening of the braids.
Wigs were used by both men and women. In fact, it is sometimes stated that wigs for men were even more elaborate than those worn by women in ancient Egypt. Inside several tombs of royal families and noblemen wigs have been uncovered. In later periods of pharaonic history the wigs became bigger and higher. They were even stuffed with fiber in order to create more volume in the hairstyle. More information on wigs can be found here.
Images by the Brittish Museum